This review was commissioned by TSAS to survey the ways in which academic researchers have been trying to understand the experiences of exclusion by marginalized youth, and how these might relate to trajectories of radicalization to violent extremism, and community-level security interventions. The primary purpose of this review is to consider the turn to community engagement, or “soft” security measures, as a strategy for countering violent radicalization and extremism. While community engagement as a security strategy is not entirely new, our understanding of its use and effects is still being developed. As such, this review was commissioned to encourage dialogue, evaluation, and discussion about these strategies and their implementation in Canada, by considering the international academic literature on community engagement for the purpose of countering violent extremism.
PUBLISHED IN 2014