Julius’s dissertation research examines the impact of direct and vicarious police-citizen encounters on youth from racialized and marginalized backgrounds in Toronto, ON. In particular, he is concerned with the impact of these encounters on engagement with deviance, compliance with the police, perceptions police legitimacy and perceptions of the wider criminal justice system and other social institutions. His research also seeks to explore the comparison between gang involvement, domestic radicalization and violent extremism, including the role of perceived injustice in engagement with these activities. In order to examine these issues, he employs a mixed-method research strategy including in-depth interviewing and participant observation. His sampling strategy has been designed to facilitate a comparative analysis by including respondents from various socio-economic and racial / ethnic backgrounds. His research will provide a meaningful contribution to the emerging body of policy-relevant Canadian scholarship addressing the social and structural correlates of radicalization.
He has received formal training in qualitative research methods and has extensive experience with research design and data analysis. His future research goals include continuing to develop the analog between gang activity and domestic radicalization, including best-practices for program design, evaluation and prevention / intervention strategies. He is also focused on fostering stronger connections between criminological scholarship and terrorism and security studies in Canada.